What is Montessori

What is Montessori

Blossoms Classroom

Blossoms Classroom

Blossoms Pre-School’s fully equipped classrooms and teaching methods are designed to create an environment that allows a child to feel a sense of belonging, to feel safe and secure, to develop and strengthen their self-esteem and also encourage the child to gain independence.

Montessori helps children to become self-motivated, self-disciplined, and to retain the sense of curiosity that so many children lose along the way in traditional classrooms. They tend to act with care and respect toward their environment and each other. They are able to work at their own pace and ability. Learning that takes place during these years comes spontaneously without effort, leading children to enter the primary classes with a clear, concrete sense of many abstract concepts.

The Montessori Curriculum covers the following areas:

Practical life

  • Practical life materials and exercises respond to the young child’s natural interests to develop physical coordination, care of self and care of the environment. Specific materials provide opportunities for self-help dressing activities, using various devices to practice buttoning, zipping, bow tying, and lacing. Other practical life materials include pouring, scooping and sorting activities, as well as washing a table and food preparation to develop hand-eye coordination.


  • The sensorial materials provide a range of activities and exercises for children to experience the natural order of the physical environment, including such attributes as size, color, shape and dimension.
  • Examples of these materials are pink tower (series of ten sequential cubes, varying in volume); knobbed cylinders (wooden blocks with 10 depressions to fit variable sized cylinders); broad stairs (ten wooden blocks, sequentially varying in two dimensions); color tablets (colored objects for matching pairs or grading shapes of color).


  • In this area, materials are provided to show such basic concepts as numeration, place value, addition, subtraction, division and multiplication. For numeration, there is a set of ten rods, with segments colored red and blue and “spindle boxes”, which consist of placing sets of objects in groups, 1–10, into separate compartments. For learning the numeral symbols, there is a set of sandpaper numerals, 1–9.


  • In the first plane of development (0–6), the Montessori language materials provide experiences to develop use of a writing instrument and the basic skills of reading a written language. For writing skill development, the metal insets provide essential exercises to guide the child’s hand in following different outline shapes while using a pencil. For reading, a set of individual letters, commonly known as sandpaper letters, provide the basic means for associating the individual letter symbols with their corresponding phonetic sounds. Displaying several letters, a lesson known as the ” three-period lesson” guides children to learn the letter sounds and the movements of their shape. When the child is proficient with the majority of the sounds, he can create words using moveable letters from the “moveable alphabet”. When their hand is strong enough from use with the Metal Insets and other materials, he may write words with a pencil using the shapes he learned from the sandpaper letters.

Cultural subjects

  • The Montessori classroom may also include other materials and resources to learn cultural subjects, such as geography (map puzzles, globes, cultural folders containing country-specific materials), and science, such as biology in naming and organizing plants and animals. Music and art are also commonly involved with children in various ways.

If you have any questions about the Montessori Curriculum please get in touch and we will be delighted to speak with you.

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